PHYS 400 (22)3 ECTS: 9.0
 Special Problems in Physics Oneterm short research project to give practical experience.

PHYS 401 (30)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Atomic Physics Atom models; radiation and matter; Wave equations for simple quantum systems; Perturbation theory and radiative transitions; Quantum Theory of oneelectron atoms; Manyelectron atoms; Molecular structures; Approximation methods for manyelectron systems.

PHYS 402 (30)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Nuclear Physics I General properties of the nucleus, nuclear force and twonucleon systems; models of nuclear structure; nuclear decay and radioactivity: alpha, beta and gamma decay. Prerequisite: Any one of the following sets Set 1: PHYS 300

PHYS 403 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Nuclear Physics II Nuclear reactions; nuclear fission; nuclear fusion; fundamental interactions in nuclei: nucleon structure, the strong interaction, the electroweak interaction; nuclear astrophysics. Prerequisite: Any one of the following sets Set 1: PHYS 402\ Consent of the department

PHYS 404 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Nuclear Electronics Nuclear radiation and its detection; detectors and equivalent circuits; pulse electronics and processing circuits; gammaray spectroscopy and other applications. Prerequisite: Any one of the following sets Set 1: PHYS 202 Set 2: PHYS 215 Set 3: PHYS 203

PHYS 405 (30)3
 Neutron Physics Interactions of neutrons; neutron optics; diffusion of neutrons; resonance reactions; the fission process; neutron chain reactions; applications in reactor theory.

PHYS 407 (30)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Particle Physics I Introduction to particles; discoveries of particles; classification of particles and their interactions; relativistic kinematics; measurement techniques, accelerators, detectors; introduction to Feynman calculus. Prerequisite: Consent of the department

PHYS 408 (30)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Particle Physics II Quantum electrodynamics; the Feynman rules for QED; Parton model; Bjorken scaling; quantum chromodynamics and color forces; weak interactions of leptons and quarks; electroweak unification; introduction to gauge theories. Prerequisite: Consent of the department

PHYS 409 (30)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Physics of Condensed Matter I Energy bands, pn junctions, Fermi surfaces, electron dynamics in external fields, optical properties, dielectric properties, magnetic properties.

PHYS 410 (30)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Physics of Condensed Matter II Superconductivity, review of magnetic properties, magnetic resonance, Masers and Lasers, devices, defect and alloys.

PHYS 411 (24)4 ECTS: 7.0
 Solid State Physics Laboratory I Theoretical and experimental studies on production processes; characterization and testing methods used in semiconductor technology.

PHYS 412 (24)4 ECTS: 7.0
 Solid State Physics Laboratory II Theoretical and experimental studies on production processes; characterization and testing methods used in semiconductor technology.

PHYS 413 (24)4
 Experimental Techniques in Physics Measurement techniques in physics. Prerequisite: Consent of the department

PHYS 414 (14)3
 Experimental Techniques in Quantum Electronics Optical resonators and laser optics; laser beam transformation in space; amplitude and frequency; measurement techniques in electrooptics; advanced laser application techniques.

PHYS 415 (06)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Projects in Physics Small research and development projects under the supervision of a faculty member. Prerequisite: Consent of the department

PHYS 416 (22)3 ECTS: 10.0
 Advanced Selected Prob. in Physics Theoretical and experimental projects leading to an understanding of the fundamental problems of physics. Prerequisite: Consent of the department

PHYS 417 (32)4 ECTS: 7.0
 Prin. of Measurement and Instrument. I Special purpose circuitry for sensors, computer interfacing, GPIB interface system, data acquisition, principles of sensors, temperature sensors, pressure sensors, motion and acceleration sensors.

PHYS 418 (32)4 ECTS: 7.0
 Prin. of Measurement and Instrument. II Fundamentals of light detectors. Photoconductors, photodiodes, and solar cells. Semiconductor UV light detectors. pin detectors for visible light. Schottky type infrared detectors. Charge Couple Devices (CCD) for imaging. Semiconductor xray sensors. Gas sensors. Humidity sensors, Biosensors, Sound sensors and ultrasonic measurement systems.

PHYS 419 (32)4 ECTS: 7.0
 Introduction to Optical Electronics I Maxwell`s Equations; the planar slab waveguide, stepindex circular waveguides, dispersion, gradedindex waveguides, attenuation and nonlinear effects.

PHYS 420 (32)4 ECTS: 7.0
 Introduction to Optical Electronics II The beam propapation method, coupled mode theory and application, coupling between optical sources and waveguides, noise and dedection, optical detectors, optical radiation and amplification, fiberoptic sensors.

PHYS 425 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Introduction to Laser Physics Basic principles of laser light; properties of laser and physical background of production; laser resonators, mirrors and modes; the types of lasers; solidstate lasers, gas lasers, liquid lasers, semiconductor lasers and lasers to come.

PHYS 426 (30)3
 Lasers and Their Applications Laser principles and properties; laser spectroscopy; measurement with laser; isotope separation with laser; laser fusion; LIDAR; laser communications; laser as a heat source; holography.

PHYS 427 (30)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Introduction to Plasma Physics Definition of plasma, plasma frequency, gyro frequency, Debye length, Orbit theory; plasmas as fluids; waves in plasmas; CMA diagram; diffusion and resistivity in weakly ionized gates.

PHYS 428 (30)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Introduc. to Magnetohydrodynamics Ideal MHD equations; single and two fluid equations; equilibrium and stability; equations of kinetic theory; derivation of fluid equations; Landau damping; nonlinear plasma physics; shock waves; parametric instabilities.

PHYS 429 (40)4 ECTS: 10.0
 Statistical Mechanics The macroscopic and microscopic states; statistical basis of thermodynamics; probability concept; quantum and statistical nature of probability; elements of ensemble theory; macrocanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles quantum and classical statistics; FermiDirac and BoseEinstein systems, and some other applications. Prerequisite: Any one of the following sets Set 1: PHYS 210 & PHYS 300

PHYS 430 (40)4 ECTS: 10.0
 Statistical Thermodynamics Characteristic features of macroscopic systems, introduction to concept of ensembles, states accessible to a closed system; thermal interaction, entropy and temperature, mechanical and diffusive interactions, canonical ensembles and its applications, introduction to FermiDirac and BoseEinstein statistics. Prerequisite: Any one of the following sets Set 1: PHYS 210 & PHYS 300

PHYS 431 (40)4 ECTS: 10.0
 Quantum Mechanics I Postulates of quantum mechanics; Dirac delta function and Dirac notation; the Schrödinger equation in threedimensions; angular momentum; the radial equation; the hydrogen atom; interaction of electrons with electromagnetic field; operators, matrices, and spin; the addition of angular momenta; timeindependent perturbation theory. Prerequisite: Any one of the following sets Set 1: PHYS 210 & PHYS 300

PHYS 432 (40)4 ECTS: 10.0
 Quantum Mechanics II The real hydrogen atom; atomic and molecular structure; time dependent perturbation theory; radiation; radiation; collision theory.

PHYS 433 (30)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Applications of Quantum Mechanics Show applications of Quantum Mechanics to optics, solid state, and other areas of physics. The course is oriented to understanding of the basic physical principles involved.

PHYS 434 (30)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Mathematical Methods in Physics III Series; calculus of variations; integral transforms: integral equations; Green`s function.

PHYS 435 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Int. to Nonlinear Dynamical Sys. & Chao I Systems of first order differential equations; classification of fixed points; flows on a circle; bifurcations; phase portraits; limit cycles; PoincarèBendixson theorem; closed orbits and periodic motion; Lienard systems.

PHYS 436 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Int. to Nonlinear Dynamical Sys. & Chao II Hopf bifurcations and spontaneous symmetry breakdown; hysteresis in driven oscillators; coupled oscillators and quasiperiodicity; Lorenz equations; chaos on a strange attractor; onedimensional maps; Liapunov exponents; universality; renormalization group equations; self similarity and fractals. Prerequisite: Any one of the following sets Set 1: PHYS 435

PHYS 439 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Physics of Semiconductor Devices I Main processes and systems for the production of integrated circuits.

PHYS 440 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Physics of Semiconductor Devices II Junction effects; minority injection; transport phenomena; recombinationgeneration mechanism; tunneling; a.c equivalent circuit; breakdown of a junction; light absorption and emission of a semiconductor.

PHYS 443 (32)4 ECTS: 7.0
 Computational Physics I Errors; distributions; interpolation techniques; linear system of equations; numerical quadrature; estimation of mean and errors; linear least square minimization and data fitting; maximum likelihood; goodness of fit.

PHYS 444 (32)4 ECTS: 7.0
 Computational Physics II Numerical solution techniques of nonlinear equations and ordinary differential equations; optimization and nonlinear least squares; simulation and random numbers; time series analysis and Fourier techniques; method of finite differences; partial differential equations.

PHYS 448 (30)3
 Introduction to Stochastic Processes in Physics Fundamental concepts of stochastic processes; special processes in physics; Brownian motion, Fokker Planck equation; diffusion; noise. Prerequisite: Consent of the department

PHYS 450 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Health Physics Atomic and nuclear structure, radioactivity, interaction of radiation with matter, radiation detection and measurement, radiation dosimetry, biological effects of ionizing radiation, radiation protection and nonionizing radiation. Prerequisite: Consent of the department

PHYS 451 (30)3
 Spectroscopy The Schrödinger equation; orbital angular momentum; magnetic dipole moments; SternGerlach experiment; spinorbit interaction; Hydrogen energy levels; transition rates; selection rules; exclusion principle; Hartree theory; Xray spectra; alkali atom energy levels; fine structure; LS coupling; hyperfine structure; Zeeman effect; Molecular structure and spectra; diatomic molecules; rotational, vibrational and electronic energies.

PHYS 452 (??)9 ECTS: 0.0
 Int. General Rel. 

PHYS 455 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Introduction to Quantum Information Theory An overview of quantum information. A review of classical information theory. Foundations of quantum mechanics from a quantum information point of view. Quantum entanglement and its uses. Entropy. Prerequisite: Any one of the following sets Set 1: PHYS 300

PHYS 460 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Econophysics Financial markets, conventional methods for exchange predictions, the physivs of socioeconomis systems, stochastic models, scaling and its breakdown, empirical analysis of the S&P 500 index and ISE 100 index, distance between stocks, ultrametric spaces, methods to grow portfolios in stock exchanges.

PHYS 471 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Solar Energy I Measurements and estimations of solar radiation; calculation of solar energy reaching inclined surfaces; fundamentals of heat transfer and applications to solar energy; low temperature solar energy conversion; solar heating and cooling; energy storage; economical aspects; special topics.

PHYS 472 (30)3
 Solar Energyii Introduction to physics of materials; material science aspect of photo  thermal solar energy conversion; and projects on renewable energy, like energy efficient windows, smart windows, transparent insulation, principles of photovoltaic conversion, and others.

PHYS 481 (30)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Theory of Relativity I Galilean relativity and absolute motion in space; Axiomatic formulation of special relativity; Minkowski spacetime; Lorentz transformations and physical consequences; Covariant formulations of relativistic mechanics, Optics and electrodynamics.

PHYS 482 (30)3 ECTS: 7.0
 Theory of Relativity II General introduction, tensor calculus; The principles of general relativity; The field equations of general relativity; General relativity from a variational principle; The energymomentum tensor; The Schwarzchild solution; Experimental tests of general relativity.

PHYS 491 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Geometry and Topology in Physics I Vector spaces; algebras; topological spaces; simplicial homology; homotopy groups; differentiable manifolds; vectors and tensors; calculus of exterior forms; Stokes theorem; conservation laws and de Rham cohomology; parallel transport; connection and covariant derivative; geodesics; curvature and torsion. geometry of spacetime.

PHYS 492 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Geometry and Topology in Physics II Lie groups on manifolds; Lie algebras; differential forms with values in a Lie algebra; fibre bundles; connection in a fibre bundle; curvature form. Gauge invariance; Maxwell and YangMills equations; systems with spontaneous symmetry breakdown; Higgs mechanism; Hopf invariants; magnetic monopoles; characteristic classes; instantons. Prerequisite: Any one of the following sets Set 1: PHYS 491\ Consent of the department

PHYS 493 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Special Functions for Physicists Differential equations of physics and the method of separation of variables; Legendre polynomials; associated Legendre polynomials; Laguerre polynomials; Hermite polynomials; Bessel functions; Gauss hypergeometric functions; SturmLiouville theory.

PHYS 495 (30)3 ECTS: 5.0
 Group Theory in Physics Basic group theory. Group representations. Discrete and continuous groups. Orthogonal, unitary groups. Lorentz and Poincare groups. Applications to quantum mechanics, solid state physics, atomic, nuclear and particle physics.
